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Table 1 Examples of oleaginous microorganisms and their lipid accumulating capability on various feedstocks

From: Lipids detection and quantification in oleaginous microorganisms: an overview of the current state of the art

Oleaginous microorganisms Substrates Lipid content
(%, w/w)
References
Microalgae
Chlorella sorokiniana Beech wood Fagus sylvatica dilute-acid hydrolysate 4 [2]
Chlorella protothecoides Glucose 49 [3]
Tetraselmis elliptica Photoautotrophic (Flory medium) 14 [4]
Chlorella vulgaris NIES-227 Heterotrophic cultivation on glucose under nitrogen limitation 89 [5]
Auxenochlorella protothecoides Organosolv pretreated wood biomass hydrolysates (birch and spruce) 66 and 63 [6]
Botryococcus braunii Photoautotrophic (modified Chu 13 medium) 28 [7]
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, CC1010 Photoheterotrophic (TAPN + 0.1% glucose) 59 [8]
Yeast
Rhodosporidium toruloides Brewers’ spent grain 56 [9]
Lipomyces starkeyi Xylose and glucose 48 [10]
Rhodotorula glutinis Monosodium glutamate with glucose 20 [11]
Cryptococcus curvatus Waste cooking oil 70 [12]
Glucose 53
Lipomyces starkeyi CBS 1807 Sweet sorghum stalks juice 30 [13]
Fungi
Fusarium oxysporum Sweet sorghum stalks (12% w/w solid load) 22 [14]
Glucose 42
Fructose 26
Sucrose 49
Glucose, fructose and sucrose mixture 53
Fusarium equiseti UMN-1 Glucose 56 [15]
Sarocladium kiliense ADH17 Glucose and glycerol 33 [16]
Mortierella alpina LP M 301 Glucose with potassium nitrate 31 [17]
Microsphaeropsis sp. Corncob waste liquor 22 [18]
Bacteria
Rhodococcus opacus DSM 1069 Ethanol organosolv lignin 4 [19]
R. opacus PD630 Dairy wastewater 14 [20]
Dextrose 70
R. opacus DSM 43205 Biomass gasification wastewater 66 [21]
Gordonia sp. DG Olive oil 13 [22]
Sesame oil 50
Cotton oil 50
Peanut oil 40
Maize oil 40
Sunflower oil 52
R. opacus PD630 Kraft hardwood pulp 46 [23]