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Table 3 Summary of mechanochemically prepared bioconjugates catalysts

From: Advances in mechanochemical processes for biomass valorization

Catalyst Preparation method Equipment Application Ref.
Hb–DA–Co3O4 Ball milling of DA-HCl and Co3O4 in a planetary ball for 10 min at 200 rpm. Ball milling of Hb and DA-HCl-Co3O4 for 10 min at 200 rpm. Dried at 30 °C for 24 h. Retsch-PM-100 planetary ball mill Energy storage devices [45]
Hb-DA-Fe2O3 Ball milling of DA-HCl and Fe2O3 for 10 min at 350 rpm. Ball milling of Hb and DA-HCl-Fe2O3 for 10 min at 350 rpm. Dried at 30 °C for 24 h. Retsch-PM-100 planetary ball mill Optoelectronic devices [46]
LAC-DA-Fe2O3 Ball milling of iron precursor and orange peel waste for 15 min at 350 rpm. Ball milling of laccase, DA-HCl and Fe2O3 for 10 min at 350 rpm. Dried at 100 °C for 24 h and heated up at 300 °C. Retsch-PM-100 planetary ball mill Electrocatalytic reduction of oxygen [47]