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Table 2 Catalysts and additives used in different case studies

From: Economic feasibility of gasoline production from lignocellulosic wastes in Hong Kong

Case Type of Catalyst Lignin processing Additives
I Ru/Nb2O5 Yes ethanol, benzene, MTBE, butane, isopentene, n-octane, reformate (RON = 95)
II NA No NA
III Ru/C Yes ethanol, benzene, MTBE, butane, toluene, reformate (RON = 95)
IV Pt/CNTs with Amberlyst-15 (this work) Yes ethanol, butane, cyclohexane and methylcyclohexane